Dog Food Nutrients
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Dog Food Nutrients

All dogs need a wide range of nutrients to live a healthy life. These range from the macro-nutrients like protein and fat, which dogs need in large quantities, to micro-nutrients like vitamins and minerals, which are needed in much smaller amounts but are just as crucial to a dog’s health.


Importance Protein is needed for healthy growth and maintenance of muscle, and it is also an important source of energy.
Source The best protein for dogs comes from meat and fish.


Importance Fats and oils are needed for energy as well as healthy skin and coats. Dogs cannot make essential fatty acids (omega 3 and 6) and must get these through their diet. These are needed for controlling inflammation, blood clotting, and brain development.
Source Fish oils, evening primrose oil, borage oil, animal fats, linseed oil and rosemary oil.


Importance Fibre is important for maintaining intestinal health and can assist in treating both constipation and diarrhoea.
Source Grains, fruits and vegetables.

Ash and minerals

Importance Ash is the measure of the mineral content of food. When the food is incinerated, all the carbohydrate, fat and protein burn off, leaving only the minerals – the ash.
Source Meats, grains, vegetables and fruit.
Calcium Needed for bone and teeth formation, nerve transmission and muscle contractions.
Phosphorus Required for skeletal structure, DNA, RNA structure and energy metabolism.
Magnesium Needed to allow enzymes to function, hormone secretions and nerve cell membrane interface.
Potassium Required for healthy nerve function, enzyme reactions and energy metabolism.
Iron Integral part of haemoglobin and myoglobin, energy metabolism and enzymes in respiration.
Copper Connective tissue, iron metabolism, blood cell formation and to combat oxidation.
Zinc Enzyme function, protein and carbohydrate metabolism, skin function and wound healing.
Manganese Enzyme reactions, bone development, cartilage formation, neurological function and metabolism.
Selenium Important in the immune system and protection against oxidisation.


Importance Vitamins are essential to keep your dog healthy. They’re not stored very effectively, so your dog needs a good daily intake.
Vitamin A Needed for vision, growth, immune function, foetal development, healthy skin and coat.
B Vitamins Involved in metabolising, or deriving energy.
Vitamin C Vital for a robust immune system.
Vitamin D Important during skeletal development, phosphorus balance, necessary to absorb calcium in the intestine.
Vitamin E Protection against oxidative damage.
Vitamin K Involved in bone development and blood clotting.

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